English Essay Blog

Unsung Heroes of India’s Freedom Struggle: The Hidden Voices

Unsung Heroes of India's Freedom Struggle

Explore the world of India’s unsung heroes in the freedom struggle. In this essay in English, we honour the brave souls who fought bravely but remained hidden from the limelight.


While names like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Subhas Chandra Bose echo loudly when discussing India’s struggle for independence, countless unsung heroes valiantly fought but received less recognition. This essay pays homage to such unsung heroes of India’s freedom struggle.

Bhikaji Cama: The Brave Lady with the Tricolor

Madam Bhikaji Cama was an exceptional figure in India’s fight for freedom. She unfurled the first version of the Indian National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart, Germany 1907. Despite her contributions, she often gets overlooked in our history textbooks.

Birsa Munda: The Tribal Hero

Birsa Munda, a tribal leader from the Munda community, led the Millenarian movement against British rule and their exploitative policies. His fight against the British, particularly the notorious “Zamindari” system, was a significant part of India’s freedom struggle.

Potti Sreeramulu: The Martyr for Linguistic Equality

Potti Sreeramulu fought for equal language rights. He died while fasting for a separate state for Telugu-speaking people. His sacrifice led to the reorganization of Indian states based on linguistic lines, a monumental event in post-independence India.

Kanaklata Barua: The Young Martyr

At just 17, Kanaklata Barua, a young girl from Assam, led a procession bearing the National Flag during the Quit India Movement. She was shot by the British police but died holding the flag high, a symbol of unwavering courage and dedication.

Matangini Hazra: The Woman with Unwavering Resolve

Matangini Hazra, affectionately known as ‘Gandhi Buri’, was shot by the British while leading a procession of revolutionaries. At 71, she showed that age was no barrier to love for one’s nation.

Alluri Sitarama Raju: The Fearless Freedom Fighter

Alluri Sitarama Raju led the Rampa Rebellion of 1922 against the British, employing guerrilla warfare techniques. He fought bravely for the rights of tribal people, particularly against the British Forest Act.

Tiruppur Kumaran: The Flag Bearer

Tiruppur Kumaran, known as ‘Kodi Kaththa Kumaran,’ died from injuries sustained during a protest march against the British. He held onto the flag of the Indian Nationalists until his last breath, living up to his name, ‘The flag bearer Kumaran.’

Rani Gaidinliu: The Rani of the Nagas

Rani Gaidinliu, a Naga spiritual and political leader, vehemently opposed British rule and worked tirelessly to uplift her people. Captured at 16, she spent 15 years in prison but never ceased to inspire her people.

Chidambaram Pillai: The Swadeshi Steam Navigator

V.O. Chidambaram Pillai, popularly known as V.O.C., launched the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company to break the British monopoly over sea trade. His courage and entrepreneurial spirit earned him the title ‘Kappalottiya Tamilan’ (The Tamil Helmsman).

Begum Hazrat Mahal: The Begum of Awadh

Begum Hazrat Mahal was crucial during the first War of Indian Independence in 1857. She took charge of Awadh (now Uttar Pradesh). She symbolized resistance against British rule after her husband, Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, was exiled to Calcutta.

Master Surya Sen: The Revolutionary Leader

Master Surya Sen, a school teacher by profession, was the chief architect of the anti-British Chittagong Armoury Raid in 1930. His revolutionary ideas and bold actions were instrumental in India’s struggle for freedom.

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay: The Feminist Freedom Fighter

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was an iconic social reformer and freedom fighter. She was the driving force behind the renaissance of Indian handicrafts and handlooms, empowering rural women to become self-sufficient.

Batukeshwar Dutt: The Brave Comrade

Batukeshwar Dutt was a brave freedom fighter who, alongside Bhagat Singh, threw bombs into the Central Legislative Assembly in 1929 as a form of protest against British rule. He spent many years in jail, suffering in silence away from the public eye.

Durga Bhabhi: The Daring Woman Revolutionary

Durga Bhabhi (Durga Devi Vohra) was pivotal in the Kakori Train Robbery in 1925. She helped Bhagat Singh escape British surveillance by posing as his wife, showing remarkable courage and ingenuity.

The contribution of these unsung heroes is immeasurable and serves as an inspiration for generations to come. Their brave deeds, relentless efforts, and sacrificial love for the country sowed the seeds for a free India.


These unsung heroes of India’s freedom struggle exhibited extraordinary bravery and patriotism. Though less sung, Their sacrifices and stories are an integral part of India’s journey to independence. Their legacy is a testament to their indomitable spirit and an inspiration for future generations.


1. Who are some unsung heroes of India’s freedom struggle?

Some unsung heroes include Bhikaji Cama, Birsa Munda, Potti Sreeramulu, Kanaklata Barua, Matangini Hazra, Alluri Sitarama Raju, Tiruppur Kumaran, Rani Gaidinliu, and V.O. Chidambaram Pillai.

2. Why are these freedom fighters called ‘unsung heroes’?

They are called ‘unsung heroes’ because, despite their significant contributions to India’s freedom struggle, they have not received the same recognition or fame as some other freedom fighters.

3. What can we learn from these unsung heroes?

We can learn the values of courage, determination, sacrifice, and love for one’s country. These unsung heroes showed us that every contribution, no matter how small, is significant in the fight for freedom.

4. Why is it important to remember these unsung heroes?

It’s important to remember these unsung heroes to honour their contributions and sacrifices, and to understand that the struggle for India’s independence was a collective effort involving countless brave individuals from every corner of the country.

5. How can we honour these unsung heroes?

We can honour these unsung heroes by learning about their lives, spreading awareness about their contributions, and living by the values they stood for – courage, determination, and love for our nation.

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