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Lachit Borphukan was a 17th-century general of the Ahom kingdom in Assam, India. He led the Battle of Saraighat and protected Assam’s independence by defeating the Mughal army.
Introduction to Lachit Borphukan Essay
Lachit Borphukan was a brave and smart general from the Ahom kingdom. He is best known for winning the Battle of Saraighat against the Mughal army in 1671. People consider him one of the greatest military leaders in Indian history and a symbol of Assamese pride and resistance.
Early Life and Military Training
Lachit Borphukan was born in 1622 to Momai Tamuli Borbarua and Kunti Moran. His parents were important people in the Ahom kingdom, founded by the Tai people from Southeast Asia in 1228. The Ahom kingdom was in eastern India and had its way of doing things. But it was always in danger from the rulers of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire.
Role in the Ahom Kingdom
In 1667, he was appointed as the commander-in-chief (Borphukan) of the Ahom army by King Chakradhwaj Singha, who resolved to liberate Guwahati from the Mughal occupation.
Guwahati was a strategic city on the Brahmaputra River’s banks, which the Mughals captured in 1663 after several invasions. The Mughals had imposed a humiliating treaty on the Ahoms, which demanded heavy tribute and submission.
Lacht Borphukan raised an army of 40,000 soldiers and prepared for the expedition. He also supervised the construction of a naval fleet of 800 boats, which was essential for crossing the river and fighting on water. He said, “If you want to flee, flee to me.”
Military Tactics and Strategies in the Battle of Saraighat.
Lachit Borphukan adopted guerrilla tactics to harass and weaken the Mughal army. He also sent spies and agents to gather information and create discord among the Mughal ranks. He resisted the siege for two years with his limited resources and manpower.
Legacy of Lachit Borphukan
Lachit Borphukan’s legacy lives on in the history and culture of Assam. He is remembered for his heroism, patriotism, and sacrifice for his motherland. He exemplifies courage, wisdom, and leadership for future generations. He protected his land and people from foreign invasion and oppression.
His legacy has been honored and recognized in various ways, such as:
- His statue was erected at the National Defence Academy in Pune, Maharashtra.
- A major road in Guwahati, Assam, was named after him.
- The Lachit Borphukan Gold Medal is awarded annually to the best cadet of the Indian Military Academy.
- Lachit Borphukan Day is celebrated on 24 November every year in Assam to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Saraighat.
- Several books, films, and documentaries about his life and achievements have been made.
In conclusion, we have seen how Lachit Borphukan was a brave and brilliant general who defended Assam from the Mughal invasion in the 17th century. He is a hero who represents Assamese pride and patriotism. His legacy inspires us to value our culture and identity and to fight for our rights and freedom. Lachit Borphukan’s achievements are important not only for Assam but also for the whole of India, as he showed that a small but determined force could resist a powerful empire.
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