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Essay on National Festival in English 2023

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India has many different cultures. People of different religions, languages, and regions live together in peace. Indians celebrate many festivals, but some are more important and celebrated by everyone. These are Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti.

Independence Day

India celebrates Independence Day on August 15th yearly to celebrate the end of British colonial rule in 1947. 

This day is important because it remembers the sacrifices and struggles of the freedom fighters who fought for India’s independence. It is also a day to celebrate India’s achievements and progress as a sovereign nation. 

The main event is the flag hoisting ceremony at the Red Fort in New Delhi. The Prime Minister of India unfurls the tricolour and addresses the nation. 

The national anthem is sung, and the armed forces salute the flag. A parade follows, showcasing the diversity and unity of India. 

Flag hoisting ceremonies are held nationwide in schools, colleges, offices, and public places. People celebrate by flying kites, wearing tricolour clothes, and exchanging sweets.

On Independence Day, we honour those who fought for our freedom, pledge to uphold our Constitution’s values and work towards our country’s growth and well-being.

Republic Day

India marks Republic Day every year on January 26th to honour the adoption of its Constitution in 1950. The day celebrates democracy and pays tribute to those who defended our nation.

The main event is a parade in New Delhi where the President of India watches the armed and paramilitary forces. The parade shows India’s different cultures and regions. 

The Indian Air Force also does a flypast to show off their skills. After the parade, there’s a ceremony where the national flag is lowered, and patriotic music is played.

We celebrate Republic Day to honour our Constitution, the most important law granting us rights and responsibilities. 

We also celebrate our democracy, which lets us choose our leaders and be part of governing. We also honor our armed forces, who protect us from threats inside and outside our country.

Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti happens every year on October 2nd to celebrate Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday. He led India’s independence movement and believed in non-violence, truth, and peace. Gandhi’s ideas inspired people worldwide. He aimed for social justice, equality, and harmony.

The main event of Gandhi Jayanti was a prayer meeting at Raj Ghat in New Delhi, where Gandhi was cremated. The President, Prime Minister, and other important people honour Gandhi by offering flowers and being silent. 

Throughout India, people have different events to remember and honour Gandhi. They might pray, sing, learn, watch movies, or clean up. People also wear khadi clothes and follow Gandhi’s teachings on this day.

Gandhi Jayanti is a day to honour Mahatma Gandhi, who was a symbol of peace and non-violence. We should follow his values of truthfulness, simplicity, compassion, and service. We should also pledge to use non-violence and truth force in our personal and social lives.


India’s national festivals celebrate our country and its diversity. We remember our history and the heroes who shaped our destiny. We reaffirm our faith in our Constitution and democracy. We express our love and loyalty to our country and fellow citizens. We aspire for a better future for ourselves and our nation.

Essay on the Importance of National Festivals

National festivals bring people together to celebrate their country’s values and history. They help people feel proud and united as a nation. 

  • These festivals remind us of our identity and heritage and encourage us to love and respect our country. They also promote cooperation and harmony between different communities and regions. 
  • National festivals honour the achievements and sacrifices of national leaders and freedom fighters. They pay tribute to their courage and vision and inspire us to follow their ideals and work for the nation’s welfare.
  • National festivals celebrate and share the culture and traditions of the country. They show a variety of art, music, dance, literature, and food. They also keep the customs and rituals important to our heritage alive. National festivals help us appreciate and respect our own culture and other cultures.

Some examples of national festivals in India are:

  • Republic Day is celebrated on January 26th annually to honour the Indian Constitution’s adoption in 1950. This day celebrates democracy and the citizens’ rights with a grand parade and cultural programs in New Delhi. 
  • India celebrates Independence Day on August 15th yearly to mark the end of British control in 1947. It’s a day to celebrate the country’s freedom and independence, marked by raising the national flag and singing the national anthem.
  • Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on October 2nd every year to honour the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. This day is a time to remember his teachings of non-violence, truth, and peace and to participate in cleanliness drives and social service activities.

National festivals make us happy and proud to be part of our country. They teach important values and virtues for our country’s growth and harmony. They inspire us to be good citizens and contribute to our country’s success.

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Essay on National Festival in English for Classes 5 and 6

National festivals are special days the country celebrates to show unity and diversity. India has three main national festivals: Republic Day, Independence Day, and Gandhi Jayanti. 

  •  We celebrate Republic Day on January 26th every year to remember the people who wrote the Constitution of India. The President of India hoists the national flag and takes the salute during the parade and cultural programs in New Delhi. 
  • We celebrate Independence Day on August 15th every year to remember the people who fought for India’s freedom from British rule, such as Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhagat Singh, and others. We also hoist the national flag and sing the national anthem at our schools and homes.
  • Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on October 2nd to honour Mahatma Gandhi, who is known as the father of the nation. And taught us to follow non-violence, truth, and peace. Today, we remember his life and teachings and do good deeds for society. 

National festivals are important because they teach us about our history and culture, inspire us to love our country and respect its diversity, and make us feel proud of our achievements and hopeful for our future. We should celebrate national festivals with joy and enthusiasm.

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What is a national festival essay?

A national festival essay is about a festival celebrated by the whole country, like Independence Day or Republic Day in India. It tells the festival’s history, importance, rituals, and how the writer feels about it.

What is the importance of a national festival?

National festivals bring people together and make them feel proud of their country. They celebrate the important events and people in a nation’s history and culture. Festivals also help preserve a country’s traditions and identity.

What is a national festival in English?

A national festival celebrates the whole country, regardless of religion, caste, or culture. It honors an important event or person in the country’s history or culture. There are often public holidays, ceremonies, and activities. An example is India’s Independence Day, which celebrates the end of British rule in 1947.

How do you celebrate the national festival in your school?

Your school can celebrate national festivals in different ways: 

  • You can raise the flag and sing the national anthem with your teachers and classmates. 
  • You can also join cultural events highlighting India’s diversity and unity, like dances, songs, skits, and speeches. 
  • You can also study the history and importance of the national festival and share it with others by making posters, writing essays, or having quizzes.

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