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Essay on Guru Teg Bahadur Ji in English 500 words: The Defender of Faith and Human Rights

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji

This is a simple, informative, and engaging essay on the life and teachings of Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, the ninth Sikh Guru, known for his courage, compassion, and sacrifice.



Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, the ninth Guru of the Sikh faith, is an iconic figure in Indian history. Born in Amritsar in 1621, he is revered for his extraordinary courage, deep spiritual insights, and selfless sacrifice for religious freedom.

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji: Early Life

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji was born as Tyag Mal to the sixth Sikh Guru, Guru Hargobind Ji, and Mata Nanaki Ji. At a young age, he showed a keen interest in spiritual matters and was known for his contemplative nature.


Guru Teg Bahadur Ji ascended as the ninth Sikh Guru in 1664, following the will of his predecessor, Guru Har Krishan Ji. His name, ‘Teg Bahadur’ (Brave Sword), was a testament to his bravery and martial prowess.

Spiritual Contributions

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji was a spiritual luminary. He composed numerous hymns, enriching the Sikh scriptures with profound wisdom. His teachings emphasized humility, compassion, and God-realization.

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Guru Teg Bahadur Ji: Travels and Preaching

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji undertook extensive travels to preach the teachings of Sikhism. He visited various parts of India, spreading the message of unity, love, and tolerance.

Protection of Religious Freedom

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji is revered for his courageous stand to protect religious freedom. When the Kashmiri Pandits faced forced conversions, they sought his help. He challenged the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb’s oppressive policies and stood firm on his principles.

Ultimate Sacrifice

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji made the ultimate sacrifice for religious freedom. He was publicly executed in Delhi in 1675 for refusing to convert to Islam. His martyrdom is a poignant reminder of his indomitable spirit and commitment to justice and freedom.

Composer of Gurbani

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji composed 115 hymns in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhism. These hymns profoundly explore human life, spirituality, and the divine.

Establishment of Anandpur Sahib

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji established the city of Anandpur Sahib in Punjab. It became an important centre for Sikh learning and played a crucial role in Sikh history.

Battles Fought

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji fought several battles as a skilled warrior, especially against the Mughals. His bravery on the battlefield was well recognized.

Life in Meditation

Before his Guruship, Guru Teg Bahadur Ji spent about 20 years meditating at Bakala. This period of deep introspection shaped his spiritual insights.

Patron of the Poor

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji was known for his compassion. He patronized the poor and distressed and worked to alleviate their suffering.

Influence on Guru Gobind Singh Ji

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji’s life profoundly influenced his son, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Sikh Guru. The principles of bravery and sacrifice were later embodied in the Khalsa, which Guru Gobind Singh Ji established.

Principle of Non-Discrimination

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji taught the principle of non-discrimination. He advocated for equality and brotherhood among all sections of society.

Stand against Injustice

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji took a stand against the injustices perpetrated by the Mughal Empire. He defended people’s rights and religious freedoms, even at the cost of his life.


Today, several Gurudwaras, including Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Delhi and Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Sahib, commemorate the sites related to Guru Teg Bahadur Ji’s martyrdom.

Message of Unity

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji’s teachings promote a message of unity and harmony. He emphasized the oneness of humanity and the need to rise above sectarian divisions.

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Guru Teg Bahadur Ji’s legacy continues to inspire millions. He is remembered as ‘Hind Di Chadar’ (The Shield of India) for his sacrifice. His life and teachings hold profound relevance in the contemporary world, promoting the ideals of courage, sacrifice, and religious tolerance.


Guru Teg Bahadur Ji’s life is a shining beacon of courage, spirituality, and selfless sacrifice. His timeless teachings guide humanity towards a path of righteousness, love, and harmony.

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